REGLAS UNIFICADAS Y NORMAS DE MMA

UNIFIED RULES AND OTHER IMPORTANT REGULATIONS OF MIXED MARTIAL ARTS

 

1)               DEFINITIONS:

“Mixed martial arts” means unarmed combat involving the use, subject to any
applicable   limitations set forth in these Unified Rules and other
regulations of the applicable Commission, of a combination of techniques
from different disciplines of the martial arts, including, without
limitation, grappling, submission holds, kicking and striking.

 

“Unarmed
Combat” means any form of competition in which a blow is usually struck
which may reasonably be expected to inflict injury.

 

“Unarmed
Combatant” means any person who engages in unarmed combat.

 


“Commission” means the applicable athletic commission or regulatory body
overseeing the bouts, exhibitions or competitions of mixed martial arts.

 

2)
WEIGHT DIVISIONS:

Except
with the approval of the Commission, or its executive director, the classes
for mixed martial arts contests or exhibitions and the weights for each
class shall be:

 


Flyweight                    125 pounds and under


Bantamweight             over 125 to 135 pounds


Featherweight             over 135 to 145 pounds


Lightweight                 over 145 to 155 pounds


Welterweight              over 155 to 170 pounds


Middleweight              over 170 to 185 pounds


Light Heavyweight     over 185 to 205 pounds


Heavyweight               over 205 to 265 pounds

            Super Heavyweight     over 265 pounds

            In non-championship fights, there shall be
allowed a 1 pound weigh allowance.  In championship fights, the participants
must weigh no more than that permitted for the relevant weight division.

            The Commission may also approve catch weight
bouts, subject to their review and discretion.  For example, the Commission
may still decide to allow the contest the maximum weight allowed is 177
pounds if it feels that the contest would still be fair, safe and
competitive.

              In addition, if one athlete weighs 264 pounds while the
opponent weighs 267 pounds, the

Commission may still decide to allow the contest if it
determines that the contest would still be fair, safe and competitive in
spite of the fact that the two contestants technically weighed in differing
weight classes.

3)
RING/FIGHTING AREA REQUIREMENTS AND EQUIPMENT:

A)
Mixed martial arts contests and exhibitions may be held in a
ring or in a fenced area.

B)
A ring used for a contest or exhibition of mixed martial arts
must meet the following requirements:

(i)
The ring must be no smaller than 20 feet square and no larger
than 32 feet square within the ropes.  One corner shall have a blue
designation and the corner directly opposite must have a red designation.

(ii)
The ring floor must extend at least 18 inches beyond the
ropes. The ring floor must be padded with ensolite or similar closed-cell
foam, with at least a 1-inch layer of foam padding. Padding must extend
beyond the ring ropes and over the edge of the platform, with a top covering
of canvas, duck or similar material tightly stretched and laced to the ring
platform. Material that tends to gather in lumps or ridges must not be used.

(iii)
The ring platform must not be more than 4 feet above the floor
of the building and must have suitable steps for the use of the unarmed
combatants.

(iv)
Ring posts must be made of metal, not more than 3 inches in
diameter, extending from the floor of the building to a minimum height of 58
inches above the ring floor, and must be properly padded in a manner
approved by the Commission. Ring posts must be at least 18 inches away from
the ring ropes.

(v)
There must be five ring ropes, not less than 1 inch in
diameter and wrapped in soft material. The lowest ring rope must be 12
inches above the ring floor.

(vi)
There must not be any obstruction or object, including,
without limitation, a triangular border, on any part of the ring floor.

C)
A fenced area used in a contest or exhibition of mixed martial
arts must meet the following requirements:

(i)
The fenced area must be circular or have at least six equal
sides and must be no smaller than 20 feet wide and no larger than 32 feet
wide.

(ii)
The floor of the fenced area must be padded with ensolite or
another similar closed-cell foam, with at least a 1-inch layer of foam
padding, with a top covering of canvas, duck or similar material tightly
stretched and laced to the platform of the fenced area. Material that tends
to gather in lumps or ridges must not be used.

(iii)
The platform of the fenced area must not be more than 4 feet
above the floor of the building and must have suitable steps for the use of
the unarmed combatants.

(iv)
Fence posts must be made of metal, not more than 6 inches in
diameter, extending from the floor of the building to a minimum height of 58
inches above the floor of the fenced area, and must be properly padded in a
manner approved by the Commission.

(v)
The fencing used to enclose the fenced area must be made of a
material that will prevent an unarmed combatant from falling out of the
fenced area or breaking through the fenced area onto the floor of the
building or onto the spectators, including, without limitation, chain link
fence coated with vinyl.

(vi)
Any metal portion of the fenced area must be covered and
padded in a manner approved by the Commission and must not be abrasive to
the unarmed combatants.

(vii)
The fenced area must have two entrances.

(viii)
There must not be any obstruction on any part of the fence
surrounding the area in which the unarmed combatants are to be competing.

4)
STOOLS:

A)
A stool of a type approved by the Commission shall be
available for each contestant.

B)
An appropriate number of stools or chairs, of a type approved
by the Commission, shall be available for each contestant’s seconds.  Such
stools or chairs shall be located near each contestant’s corner for use
outside of the fighting area.

C)
All stools and chairs used must be thoroughly cleaned or
replaced after the conclusion of each bout.

5)
EQUIPMENT:

            For each bout, the promoter shall provide a
clean water bucket, a clean plastic water bottle, and any other supplies as
directed by the Commission, in each corner.

6)
SPECIFICATIONS FOR HANDWRAPPING:

A)
In all weight classes, the bandages on each contestant’s hand
shall be restricted to soft gauze cloth of not more than 15 yards in length
and two inches in width, held in place by not more than 10 feet of surgeon’s
tape, one inch in width, for each hand.

B)
Surgeon’s adhesive tape shall be placed directly on each hand
for protection near the wrist.  The tape may cross the back of the hand
twice and extend to cover and protect the knuckles when the hand is clenched
to make a fist.

C)
The bandages shall be evenly distributed across the hand.

D)
Bandages and tape shall be placed on the contestant’s hands in
the dressing room in the presence of the Commission and in the presence of
the manager or chief second of his or her opponent.

E)
Under no circumstances are gloves to be placed on the hands of
a contestant until the approval of the Commission is received.

7)
MOUTHPIECES:

A)
All contestants are required to wear a mouthpiece during
competition. The mouthpiece shall be subject to examination and approval by
the attending physician.    B)        The round cannot begin without the
mouthpiece in place.

            C)        If the mouthpiece is involuntarily
dislodged during competition, the referee shall call time, clean the
mouthpiece, and reinsert the mouthpiece at the first opportune moment
without interfering with the immediate action.

8)
PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:

A)
Male mixed martial artists shall wear a groin protector of
their own selection, of a type approved by the Commissioner.

B)
Female mixed martial artists are prohibited from wearing groin
protectors.

C)
Female mixed martial artists shall wear a chest protector
during competition. The chest protector shall be subject to approval of the
Commissioner.

9)
GLOVES:

A)
All contestants shall wear glove which are at least 4 ounces
and are approved by the Commission. Generally, gloves should not weigh more
than 6 ounces without the approval of the Commission.  Certain larger sized
gloves, e.g. 2 XL – 4 XL, may be allowed even though they may slightly
exceed 6 ounces.

B)
Gloves should be supplied by the promoter and approved by the
Commission. No contestant shall supply their own gloves for participation.

10)
APPAREL:

A)
Each contestant shall wear mixed martial arts shorts (board
shorts), biking shorts (vale tudo shorts), kick-boxing shorts or other
shorts approved by the Commission.

B)
Gi’s or shirts are prohibited during competition except that
female contestant’s musts wear shirts approved by the Commission.

C)
Shoes and any type of padding on the feet are prohibited
during competition.

11)
APPEARANCE:

A)
Each unarmed combatant must be clean and present a tidy
appearance.

B)
The excessive use of grease or any other foreign substance may
not be used on the face or body of an unarmed combatant.  The referees or
the Commission shall cause any excessive grease or foreign substance to be
removed.

C)
The Commission shall determine whether head or facial hair
presents any hazard to the safety of the unarmed combatant or his opponent
or will interfere with the supervision and conduct of the contest or
exhibition. If the head or facial hair of an unarmed combatant presents such
a hazard or will interfere with the supervision and conduct of the contest
or exhibition, the unarmed combatant may not compete in the contest or
exhibition unless the circumstances creating the hazard or potential
interference are corrected to the satisfaction of the Commission.

D)
An unarmed combatant may not wear any jewelry or other
piercing accessories while competing in the contest or exhibition.

12)
ROUND LENGTH:

A)
Each non-championship mixed martial arts contest is to be for
3 rounds, each round no more than 5 minutes duration, with a rest period of
1 minute between each round.

B)
Each championship mixed martial arts contest is to be for 5
rounds, each round no more than 5 minutes duration, with a rest period of 1
minute between each round.

13)
STOPPING CONTEST:

A)
The referee is the sole arbiter of a contest and is the only
individual authorized to stop a contest.  The referee may take advice from
the ringside physician and/or the Commission with respect to the decision to
stop a contest.

B)
The referee and the ringside physician are the only
individuals authorized to enter the ring/fighting area at any time during
competition other than the rest periods and subsequent to the contest
ending.

14)
JUDGING:

A)
All bouts will be evaluated and scored by 3 judges who shall
evaluate the contest from different location around the ring/fighting area.
The referee may not be one of the 3 judges.

B)
The 10-Point Must System will be the standard system of
scoring a bout.  Under the 10-Point Must Scoring System, 10 points must be
awarded to the winner of the round and 9 points or less must be awarded to
the loser, except for a rare even round, which is scored (10-10).

C)
Judges shall evaluate mixed martial arts techniques, such as
effective striking, effective grappling, control of the ring/fighting area,
effective aggressiveness and defense.

D)
Evaluations shall be made in the order in which the techniques
appear in (c) above, giving the most weight in scoring to effective
striking, effective grappling, control of the fighting area and effective
aggressiveness and defense.

E)
Effective striking is judged by determining the total number
of legal strikes landed by a contestant.

F)
Effective grappling is judged by considering the amount of
successful executions of a legal takedown and reversals.  Examples of
factors to consider are take downs from standing position to mount position,
passing the guard to mount position, and bottom position fighters using an
active threatening guard.

G)
Fighting area control is judged by determining who is
dictating the pace, location and position of the bout.  Examples of factors
to consider are countering a grappler’s attempt at takedown by remaining
standing and legally striking, taking down an opponent to force a ground
fight, creating threatening submission attempts, passing the guard to
achieve mount, and creating striking opportunities.

H)
Effective aggressiveness means moving forward and landing a
legal strike.

I)
Effective defense means avoiding being struck, taken down or
reversed while countering with offensive attacks.

J)
The following objective scoring criteria shall be utilized by
the judges when scoring a round;

(i)
a round is to be scored as a 10-10 round when both contestants
appear to be fighting evenly and neither contestant shows clear dominance in
a round;

(ii)
a round is to be scored as a 10-9 round when a contestant wins
by a close margin, landing the greater number of effective legal strikes,
grappling and other maneuvers;

(iii)
a round is to be scored as a 10-8 round when a contestant
overwhelmingly dominates by striking or grappling in a round.

(iv)
a round is to be scored as a 10-7 round when a contestant
totally dominates by striking or grappling in a round.

K)
Judges shall use a sliding scale and recognize the length of
time the fighters are either standing or on the ground, as follows:

(i)
If the mixed martial artists spent a majority of a round on
the canvas, then:

a.
Effective grappling is weighed first; and

b.
Effective striking is then weighed                ii) If the
mixed martial artists spent a majority of a round standing, then:
a. Effective striking is weighed first; and

                                    b. Effective grappling is then weighed

                        iii) If a round ends with a
relatively even amount of standing and canvas fighting, striking and
grappling are weighed equally.

15)
FOULS:

A)
The following acts constitute fouls in a contest or exhibition
of mixed martial arts and may result in penalties, at the discretion of the
referee, if committed:

1)
Butting with the head

2)
Eye gouging of any kind

3)
Biting

4)
Spitting at an opponent

5)
Hair pulling

6)
Fish hooking

7)
Groin attacks of any kind

8)
Putting a finger into any orifice or any cut or laceration of
an opponent 9) Small
joint manipulation

10)
Striking downward using the point of the elbow

11)
Striking to the spine or the back of the head

12)
Kicking to the kidney with a heel

13)
Throat strikes of any kind, including, without limitation,
grabbing the trachea

14)
Clawing, pinching or twisting the flesh

15)
Grabbing the clavicle

16)
Kicking the head of a grounded opponent

17)
Kneeing the head of a grounded opponent

18)
Stomping a grounded opponent

19)
Holding the fence

20)
Holding the shorts or gloves of an opponent

21)
Using abusive language in fenced ring/fighting area

22)
Engaging in any unsportsmanlike conduct that causes injury to
an opponent

23)
Attacking an opponent on or during the break

24)
Attacking an opponent who is under the care of the referee



 

25)
Attacking an opponent after the bell has sounded the end of the
round 26)  Timidity, including, without limitation, avoiding contact with an
opponent,            intentionally or consistently dropping the mouthpiece or
faking an injury

27)
Throwing opponent out of ring/fighting area

28)
Flagrantly disregarding the instructions of the referee

29)
Spiking an opponent to the canvas on his head or neck

30)
Interference by the corner

31)
Applying any foreign substance to the hair or body to gain an
advantage

B)
Disqualification may occur after any combination of fouls or after
a flagrant foul at the discretion of the referee.

C)
Fouls may result in a point being deducted by the official
scorekeeper from the offending contestant’s score.  The scorekeeper, not the
judges, will be responsible for calculating the true score after factoring in
the point deduction.

D)
Only a referee can assess a foul.  If the referee does not call
the foul, judges must not make that assessment on their own and should not
factor such into their scoring calculations.

E)
If a foul is committed:

(i)
The referee shall call timeout. ii)      The referee shall order
the offending contestant to a neutral location.

iii)
The referee shall check the fouled contestant’s condition and
safety.

iv)
The referee shall then assess the foul to the offending contestant
and

deduct points if the referee deems it appropriate, and
notify the commission, the corners, the official scorekeeper of his decision on
whether the foul was accidental or intentional and whether a point is to be
taken away.

F)
If a bottom contestant commits a foul, unless the top contestant
is injured, the contest will continue and:

(i)
The referee will verbally notify the bottom contestant of the
foul.

(ii)
When the round is over, the referee will assess the foul and
notify the      commission, the corners, the judges and the official
scorekeeper.

(iii)
The referee may terminate a contest based on the severity of a
foul.  For such a flagrant foul, the contestant committing the foul shall lose
by disqualification.

G)
Low Blow Foul:

(i)
A fighter who has been struck with a low blow is allowed up to 5
minutes

to recover from the foul as long as in the ringside doctor’s
opinion the fighter may possibly continue on in the contest.

(ii)
If the fighter states that they can continue on before the five
minutes of time have expired, the referee shall, as soon as practical, restart
the fight.

(iii)
If the fighter goes over the 5 minute time allotment, and the
fight cannot be restarted, the contest must come to an end with the outcome
determined by the round and time in which the fight was stopped.  See
Section 16 below.          H)        Fighter Fouled by other than low blow:

i)
If a contest of mixed martial arts is stopped because of an
accidental foul, the referee shall determine whether the unarmed combatant who
has been fouled can continue or not.  If the unarmed combatant’s chance of
winning has not been seriously jeopardized as a result of the foul and if the
foul did not involve a concussive impact to the head of the unarmed combatant
who has been fouled, the referee may order the contest or exhibition continued
after a recuperative interval of not more than 5 minutes.  Immediately after
separating the unarmed combatants, the referee shall inform the Commission’s
representative of his determination that the foul was accidental.

ii)
If a fighter is fouled by blow that the referee deems illegal, the
referee should stop the action and call for time.  The referee may take the
injured fighter to the ringside doctor and have the ringside doctor examine the
fighter as to their ability to continue on in the contest.  The ringside doctor
has up to 5 minutes to make their determination.  If the ringside doctor
determines that the fighter can continue in the contest, the referee shall as
soon as practical restart the fight.  Unlike the low blow foul rule, the fighter
does not have up to 5 minutes of time to use, at their discretion, and must
continue the fight when instructed to by the referee.

iii)
For a foul other than a low blow, if the injured fighter is deemed
not fit to continue, by the referee, the referee must immediately call a halt to
the bout.  If the fighter is deemed not fit to continue, by the referee, even
though some of the 5 minute foul time is still remaining, the fighter cannot
avail himself of the remaining time and the fight must be stopped.

iv)
If the referee stops the contest and employs the use of the
ringside doctor, the ringside physician’s examinations shall not exceed 5
minutes.  If 5 minutes is exceeded, the fight cannot be re-started and the
contest must end.

16)
INJURIES SUSTAINED BY FAIR BLOWS AND FOULS:

 

A)
If an injury sustained during competition as a result of a legal
maneuver is severe enough to terminate a bout, the injured contestant loses by
technical knockout.

B)
If an injury sustained during competition as a result of an
intentional foul, as determined by the referee, is severe enough to terminate a
bout, the contestant causing the injury loses by disqualification.

C)
If an injury is sustained during competition as a result of an
intentional foul, as determined by the referee, and the bout is allowed to
continue, the referee shall notify the scorekeeper to automatically deduct two
points from the contestant who committed the foul.

D)
If an injury sustained during competition as a result of an
intentional foul, as determined by the referee, causes the injured contestant to
be unable to continue at a subsequent point in the contest, the injured
contestant shall win by technical decision, if he or she is ahead on the score
cards.  If the injured contestant is even or behind on the score cards at the
time of stoppage, the outcome of the bout shall be declared a technical draw.

E)
If a contestant injures himself or herself while attempting to
foul his or her opponent, the referee shall not take any action in his or her
favor, and the injury shall be treated in the same manner as an injury produced
by a fair blow.

F)
If an injury sustained during competition as a result of an
accidental foul, as determined by the referee, is severe enough for the referee
to stop the bout immediately, the bout shall result in a no contest if stopped
before two rounds have been completed in a three round bout or if stopped before
three rounds have been completed in a five round bout.

G)
If an injury sustained during competition as a result of an
accidental foul, as determined by the referee, is severe enough for the referee
to stop the bout immediately, the bout shall result in a technical decision
awarded to the contestant who is ahead on the score cards at the time the bout
is stopped only when the bout is stopped after two rounds of a three round bout,
or three rounds of a five round bout have been completed.

H)
Incomplete rounds should be scored utilizing the same criteria as
the scoring of other rounds up to the point said incomplete round is stopped.

 

17)
TYPES OF CONTEST RESULTS:

A)
Submission by:

(i)
Physical Tap Out

(ii)
Verbal tap out

B)
Knockout by:

(i)
when Referee stops the contest (TKO)

(ii)
when an injury as a result of a legal maneuver is sever enough to
terminate

a bout (TKO)

(iii)
when contestant being rendered unconscious due strikes or kicks
(KO)

C)
Decision via the scorecards, including:

(i)
Unanimous Decision – When all three judges score the contest for
the same contestant

(ii)
Split Decision – When two judges score the contest for one
contestant and one judge scores for the opponent

(iii)
Majority Decision – When two judges score the contest for the same
contestant and one judge scores a draw

(iv)
Draws, including:

a.
Unanimous Draw – When all three judges score the contest a draw

b.
Majority Draw – When two judges score the contest a draw

c.
Split Draw – When all three judges score differently

D)
Disqualification

E)
Forfeit

F)
Technical Draw

G)
Technical Decision

H)
No Decision

 

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